RNZ National. 2016-06-09. 00:00-23:59.

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A 24-hour recording of RNZ National. The following rundown is sourced from the broadcaster’s website. Note some overseas/copyright restricted items may not appear in the supplied rundown:

09 June 2016

===12:04 AM. | All Night Programme===
=DESCRIPTION=

Including: 12:05 Music after Midnight; 12:30 Discovery (BBC); 1:05 The Thursday Feature (RNZ); 2:05 The Cultural Frontline; 3:05 An Extraordinary Rendition by Steve Danby (4 of 5, RNZ); 3:30 NZ Books (RNZ) 5:10 Witness (BBC) 5:45 The Day in Parliament

===6:00 AM. | Morning Report===
=DESCRIPTION=

RNZ's three-hour breakfast news show with news and interviews, bulletins on the hour and half-hour, including: 6:16 and 6:50 Business News 6:18 Pacific News 6:26 Rural News 6:48 and 7:45 NZ Newspapers

=AUDIO=

06:00
Top Stories for Thursday 9 June 2016
BODY:
The Police Minister, Judith Collins, questions the way speed limits are enforced, she says drivers should be watching the road, not their speedos. We have the list of employers investigated for payroll errors and the Government's long term defence strategy and its 20 billion dollar price tag.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 33'11"

06:06
Sports News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
An update from the team at RNZ Sport.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 1'47"

06:09
Expert: teenagers more deadly on roads than the elderly.
BODY:
A Road safety expert is dismissing suggestions elderly drivers feature disproportionately in the road toll - and says teenage boys are a far bigger contributor.
Topics: transport
Regions:
Tags: older drivers
Duration: 2'06"

06:12
US political strategist analyses Democrat's next move
BODY:
Hillary Clinton has declared victory against Bernie Sanders, making her the first woman to lead a major party in the race for the White House.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: Clinton, US
Duration: 4'33"

06:20
Early Business News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
A brief update of movements in the financial sector.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: markets
Duration: 1'51"

06:26
Morning Rural News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
News from the rural and farming sector.
Topics: rural, farming
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 4'27"

06:40
Questions about government's plans for defence spending.
BODY:
The Government plans to increase defence spending by 20-billion-dollars over the next 15 years
Topics: defence force, politics
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 1'26"

06:41
Deadline extended to register in Brexit vote
BODY:
The deadline to register to vote in the European Union referendum has been extended by 48 hours.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: UK, European Union referendum
Duration: 3'46"

06:50
Reserve Bank makes OCR call today
BODY:
The Reserve Bank makes a call on the official cash rate this morning, but odds are interest rates will be left unchanged at 2-point-25 percent.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: official cash rate, Reserve Bank
Duration: 3'10"

06:53
Sky TV and Vodafone talks could result in merger
BODY:
There's much speculation about what a possible merger between the pay tv operator, Sky Network Television, and New Zealand's second largest telecommunications operator, Vodafone, would look like.
Topics: business
Regions:
Tags: Sky Network Television, Vodafone
Duration: 2'17"

06:54
SkyCity Entertainment says capital raising meets its objectives
BODY:
The casino operator, SkyCity Entertainment, has successfully completed its capital raising, which the company says gives it enough to help it meet its future development costs and more.
Topics: business
Regions:
Tags: SkyCity Entertainment
Duration: 1'43"

06:56
Xero's David and Goliath battle
BODY:
The cloud accounting software company, Xero, says it's in a David and Goliath battle with its largest competitor in the United States, and is confident it is leading the race to add customers.
Topics: business
Regions:
Tags: Xero
Duration: 1'35"

06:58
Morning markets for 9 June 2016
BODY:
Wall Street is stronger driven again by higher oil prices.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: markets
Duration: 56"

06:59
Business briefs
BODY:
The carpet maker, Godfrey Hirst's, High Court appeal against a wool scouring merger has been dismissed
Topics: business
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 34"

07:07
Sports News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
An update from the team at RNZ Sport.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 2'06"

07:11
Police Minister says motorists focussed on speedos
BODY:
An overly strict focus by the police on speeding has left motorists focused on their speedometers and not the road the Police Minister says.
Topics: transport
Regions:
Tags: road toll
Duration: 3'26"

07:15
MBIE releases list of some private companies investigated
BODY:
The caterer criticised for the standard of meals at Dunedin Hospital, a boys' school in the city, and the ministry responsible for making sure employees are paid correctly, all feature on a list of companies or organisations that have been investigated for payroll errors.
Topics: business
Regions:
Tags: payroll errors
Duration: 3'09"

07:22
Clinton declares victory against Sanders
BODY:
Hillary Clinton has made history, declaring herself the Democratic Party nominee for US president.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: US, Clinton
Duration: 3'40"

07:26
Elderly drivers not to blame for fatal crashes
BODY:
Road safety experts say it's teenage boys, not elderly drivers who are the biggest problem on our roads.
Topics: transport
Regions:
Tags: older drivers
Duration: 3'24"

07:29
Hansen names experienced team for All Blacks v Wales test
BODY:
An experience starting fifteen has been chosen by the All Blacks' coach Steve Hansen for the first test against Wales at Eden Park on Saturday.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags: All Blacks
Duration: 1'37"

07:35
Defence White Pape on increasing cyber security threats
BODY:
A rise in cyber security threats globally and increasing terrorism risks are highlighted in the Government's new defence strategy.
Topics: defence force, politics
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 5'26"

07:41
Sharapova banned from tennis for two years
BODY:
Former world number one tennis player Maria Sharapova has been banned for two years from tennis for using a prohibited drug.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags: Maria Sharapova
Duration: 3'32"

07:44
PNG capital remains tense after a day of unrest
BODY:
The situation in Papua New Guinea's capital remains tense after a day of unrest when police opened fire on students at the University of PNG.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: PNG, Papua New Guinea
Duration: 2'55"

07:49
Innocent Detroit man freed after 8 years in prison
BODY:
An Detroit man wrongly convicted of shooting dead four people when he was just 14 years old will walk free today.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: US, Detroit
Duration: 5'24"

07:54
Triple fatality prompts review of jump racing
BODY:
New Zealand Thoroughbred Racing will carry out a full review of jump racing after three horses were killed at Elleslie Racecourse on Monday.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags: racing
Duration: 3'39"

07:58
Samsung developing bendable smartphone
BODY:
Technology giant Samsung is said to be developing a new bendable smartphone.
Topics: technology
Regions:
Tags: Samsung
Duration: 2'04"

08:07
Sports News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
An update from the team at RNZ Sport.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 2'05"

08:11
Reserve Bank makes OCR call today
BODY:
The Reserve Bank is expected to leave the cost of borrowing on hold at a record low 2 point 25 percent at 9 o'clock.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: Reserve Bank, official cash rate
Duration: 4'27"

08:15
What are the drivers of NZ's motoring deaths?
BODY:
The Police Minister, Judith Collins, says an overly strict focus by the police on speeding has left motorists focussed on their speedometers and not the road.
Topics: transport
Regions:
Tags: roal toll
Duration: 9'52"

08:25
A poker player's take on US elections
BODY:
As any Kenny Rogers fan can tell you, you've gotta know when to hold 'em and know when to fold 'em. Bernie Sanders is certainly not folding -- he was hammered by Hillary Clinton in yesterday's California primary but says he'll fight on to the final primary, in Washington DC next week.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: US, Bernie Sanders
Duration: 4'29"

08:30
Markets Update for 9 June 2016
BODY:
A brief update of movements in the financial sector.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: markets
Duration: 54"

08:36
Key's Fiji visit welcomed
BODY:
People in Fiji are welcoming John Key's visit to Suva today.
Topics: politics
Regions:
Tags: Fiji
Duration: 3'35"

08:40
Student unrest in PNG
BODY:
The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea is condemning students he describes as agitators responsible for instigating a violent confrontation at the University of Papua New Guinea.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags: PNG, Papua New Guinea
Duration: 3'38"

08:43
Vodafone NZ and Sky TV merger
BODY:
Sky and Vodafone have confirmed they are looking to merge. News of this has just broken - our business reporter Jonathan Mitchell has the details.
Topics: business
Regions:
Tags: Sky Network Television, Vodafone
Duration: 5'42"

08:56
100 year old driver
BODY:
Returning to the roads, we've had safety experts challenging the the suggestion that elderly drivers are responsible for a disproportionate number of fatal crashes. We thought we'd get the views of one of New Zealand's older drivers, Auckland man Gordon Brown who turned 100 late last year.
Topics: transport
Regions:
Tags: older drivers
Duration: 5'49"

=SHOW NOTES=

===9:06 AM. | Nine To Noon===
=DESCRIPTION=

Current affairs and topics of interest, including: 10:45 The Reading: Cotton-Eyed Joe by Susy Pointon read by Michele Amas - A 14 year old girl in Karori in 1964 is twiddling with her transistor when she happens upon an arresting sound which shakes her to the core. (3 of 4, RNZ)

=AUDIO=

09:09
Clinton gets the Nom, Sanders fights on
BODY:
Hilary Clinton has clinched the Democratic presidential nomination, so what will Bernie Sanders do? Could he become an instrumental force in defeating the Republican candidate Donald Trump? Republican strategist, Brad Blakeman and Democratic strategist, David Goodfriend discuss.
Topics: politics
Regions:
Tags: US, Super Tuesday
Duration: 20'51"

09:30
Rural communities concerned over changes to gun licensing
BODY:
Rural Women New Zealand says a proposal from the Mountain Safety Council to reduce the number of gun instructors and locations to complete licensing will make it too hard to get a license, rendering some people criminals. Kathryn speaks with Fiona Gower, Vice President of Rural Women NZ.
Topics: rural, law
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 7'43"

09:42
Is taking fish oil a waste of time and money?
BODY:
Fish oil is a popular supplement for people keen to prevent heart attacks and cardiovascular disease. Auckland University's Dr Andrew Grey has compiled the best studies on fish oil from the world's most prestigious scientific journals. He says they are wasting their money.
EXTENDED BODY:
Fish oil capsules are a popular choice for people keen to prevent heart attacks and cardiovascular disease – but do they work?
Auckland University's Dr Andrew Grey has compiled the best studies on fish oil from the world's most prestigious scientific journals which all use rigorous randomised controls.
He says there is no evidence to support any significant health benefit from fish oil capsules, but that is not stopping people from taking them.
An edited extract of the conversation:
Are [fish oil supplements] being recommended by clinicians or advocacy organisations, the likes of the Heart Foundation?
Some of them are. For example the American Heart Association – which is a very prominent advocacy group for heart health in the US – has had on its website since 2002 recommendations that individuals use fish oils for heart protection. It’s not a trival question in the sense that 10% to 15% of US adults take fish oils and the vast majority of them say they’re taking it for heart health.
What is the theory about why fish oil is a good thing to take?
It comes initially from population based studies looking at the diet of, in this case, Inuit people in North America who seem to have low rates of heart disease. An association was drawn between their oily fish intake and that low risk of heart disease. Then several other, what we call, observational studies which have the ability to test associations between dietary factors and health outcomes appear to support that hypothesis.
Are supplements themselves or is it more that they are concentrating on a piece of nutritional advice?
With fish oils the assumption was made that the active moiety in the whole fish, if there’s benefit from the whole fish, is the omega-3 fatty acids. The evidence that I’ve just discussed relates to omega-3 supplements.
There’s recently been a lot of discussion about nutritional guideline advice and the very low quality of evidence which is used to generate those often quite dogmatic guidelines.
Is there a difference in absorption of supplements compared to food consumption that you would draw attention to, as well?
What the clinical trial evidence we’ve analysed tells us is that if you take a supplement on top of whatever diet you’re taking it doesn’t seem to make any diffence to any aspect of your helath.
Topics: health
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 9'56"

09:51
UK correspondent Jon Dennis
BODY:
Jon Dennis on Vote Leave edging ahead in the UK referendum on EU membership, the street artist Banksy has left a half-term surprise "present" on the walls of a Bristol primary school and the UK plans to strengthen its defences against migrants arriving by sea.
Topics: politics
Regions:
Tags: UK
Duration: 7'18"

10:10
JFK's forgotten sister, Kick Kennedy
BODY:
Born in 1920, everyone except her mother called Kathleen Kennedy, Kick'. Her charm was legendary and she was often compared to her older brother JFK for her rebellious streak, ambition and warmth. But her life was cut short and due to scandalous circumstances surrounding her death, the family kept it quiet. Using recently released sources Paula Byrne has written her biography, Kick.
EXTENDED BODY:
Born in 1920, everyone except her mother called Kathleen Kennedy 'Kick'. Her charm was legendary and she was often compared to her older brother JFK for her rebellious streak, ambition and warmth.
But her life was cut short and due to scandalous circumstances surrounding her death, the family kept it quiet. Using recently released sources, Paula Byrne has written her biography, Kick. She talks with Kathryn Ryan.
Topics: books, author interview, politics
Regions:
Tags: Kennedy, US
Duration: 24'57"

10:37
Book review - The Sudden Appearance of Hope by Claire North
BODY:
Reviewed by Stella Chrysostomou, published by Hachette NZ.
Topics: books
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 6'38"

11:08
Singularity U: understanding exponential change
BODY:
Kaila Colbin, is the NZ ambassador for Singularity University. She talks to Kathryn about the summit she's part of in November, where world experts in leading technologies will gather in Christchurch, to talk about understanding and adapting to an expontentially changing technological world.
Topics: technology
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 20'57"

11:28
Parenting: the transition to school
BODY:
Any transition in life takes some adjustment and one of the earliest is our first experience of going to school. So what does a successful integration from pre-school or other early childhood experiences to 'big' school take? And what do caregivers need to think about as their young children enter this new phase? Sally Peters is Head of School at the University of Waikato's Te Oranga School of Human Development and Movement Studies. Key areas of her research include transitions and children's thinking.
EXTENDED BODY:
Any transition in life takes some adjustment and one of the earliest is our first experience of going to school.
So what does a successful integration from pre-school or other early childhood experiences to “big” school take?
And what do caregivers need to think about as their young children enter this new phase?
Sally Peters is an associate professor at the University of Waikato who has a passion for understanding and supporting children's transition to school.
She talks to Kathryn Ryan and replies to listener questions.
Topics: life and society
Regions:
Tags: parenting, school, transition to school, Sally Peters, Early Childhood Education, ECE
Duration: 18'06"

11:48
Viewing with Paul Casserly
BODY:
Paul Casserly on Top Gear, the NZ streaming wars and what could a merger between Sky and Vodafone mean?
Topics: arts, media
Regions:
Tags: Top Gear, Vodafone, Sky, streaming
Duration: 12'05"

=SHOW NOTES=

09:05 Clinton gets the Nom, Sanders fights on
Hilary Clinton has clinched the Democratic presidential nomination, so what will Bernie Sanders do? Could he become an instrumental force in defeating the Republican candidate Donald Trump ?
Republican strategist, Brad Blakeman and Democratic strategist, David Goodfriend discuss.
09:20 Rural communities concerned over changes to gun licensing
Rural Women New Zealand says a proposal from the Mountain Safety Council to reduce the number of gun instructors and locations to complete licensing will make it too hard to get a license, rendering some people criminals.Kathryn speaks with Fiona Gower, Vice President of Rural Women NZ.
09:30 Is taking fish oil a waste of time and money ?
[image:70842:half] no metadata
Fish oil is a popular supplement for people keen to prevent heart attacks and cardiovascular disease. Auckland University's Dr Andrew Grey has compiled the best studies on fish oil from the world's most prestigious scientific journals. He says they are wasting their money.
09:45 UK correspondent Jon Dennis
Jon Dennis on Vote Leave edging ahead in the UK referendum on EU membership, the street artist Banksy has left a half-term surprise "present" on the walls of a Bristol primary school and the UK plans to strengthen its defences against migrants arriving by sea.
[image:70894:third] no metadata
10:05 JFK's forgotten sister, Kick Kennedy
Born in 1920, everyone except her mother called Kathleen Kennedy, Kick'. Her charm was legendary and she was often compared to her older brother JFK for her rebellious streak, ambition and warmth. But her life was cut short and due to scandalous circumstances surrounding her death, the family kept it quiet. Using recently released sources Paula Byrne has written her biography, Kick.
10:35 Book review - The Sudden Appearance of Hope by Claire North
reviewed by Stella Chrysostomou, published by Hachette NZ
10:45 The Reading
11:05 SingularityU : understanding exponentially accelerating technologies
Kaila Colbin, is the NZ ambassador for Singularity University. She talks to Kathryn about the summit she's part of in November, where world experts in leading technologies will gather in Christchurch, to talk about understanding and adapting to an expontentially changing technological world.
11:25 Parenting: the transition to school
[image:63833:third]
Any transition in life takes some adjustment and one of the earliest is our first experience of going to school. So what does a successful integration from pre-school or other early childhood experiences to 'big' school take? And what do caregivers need to think about as their young children enter this new phase? Sally Peters is Head of School at the University of Waikato's Te Oranga School of Human Development and Movement Studies.
Key areas of her research include transitions and children's thinking.
11:45 Viewing with Paul Casserly
Paul Casserly on Top Gear, the NZ streaming wars and what could a merger between Sky and Vodafone mean?

===Noon | Midday Report===
=DESCRIPTION=

RNZ news, followed by updates and reports until 1.00pm, including: 12:16 Business News 12:26 Sport 12:34 Rural News 12:43 Worldwatch

=AUDIO=

12:00
Midday News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
Internet New Zealand says the merger of Sky TV and Vodafone announced this morning could limit people's access to their favourite programs. New statistics reveal Maori home-ownership has plummeted in the last 25 years, with the rate in some parts of the North Island dropping by as much as 40 percent.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 15'05"

12:16
OCR held at 2.25%
BODY:
The Kiwi dollar is trading above 71 cents against its US counterpart for the first time in a year, after the Reserve Bank held the official cash rate at 2-point-25 percent, as many analysts had been expecting.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: Reserve Bank, official cash rate
Duration: 2'24"

12:19
Positive market reaction to Sky TV, Vodafone merger
BODY:
There's been a positive market reaction to the proposed merger between the pay tv operator, Sky Network Television and Vodafone.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: Sky, Vodafone, Merger
Duration: 1'49"

12:22
Midday Markets for 9 June 2016
BODY:
For the latest from the markets we're joined by Don Lewthwaite at First NZ Capital.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: markets
Duration: 2'42"

12:25
Business briefs
BODY:
Heartland Bank says small shareholders should reject unsolicited low-ball offers for their stake, which might be below market prices.
Topics: business, economy
Regions:
Tags: Heartland Bank
Duration: 22"

12:26
Midday Sports News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
The former world number one tennis player Caroline Wozniacki says Maria Sharapova's drugs ban is a good reminder to all athletes how seriously they must know what they're taking.
Topics: sport
Regions:
Tags: tennis, rugby, NBA, cricket, Women's Basketball
Duration: 2'56"

12:34
Midday Rural News for 9 June 2016
BODY:
News from the rural and farming sectors.
Topics: rural, farming
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 7'59"

=SHOW NOTES=

===1:06 PM. | Jesse Mulligan, 1–4pm===
=DESCRIPTION=

An upbeat mix of the curious and the compelling, ranging from the stories of the day to the great questions of our time (RNZ)

=AUDIO=

13:15
New hominid fossil find in Indonesia
BODY:
An international team behind the discovery of the hobbit species in Indonesia have now found what they believe to be the ancestors of the diminuative hominin - after finding skull fragments dated at 7-hundred thousand years old.
EXTENDED BODY:
An international team behind the discovery of the hobbit species in Indonesia have now found what they believe to be the ancestors of the diminutive hominin - after finding skull fragments dated at 700,000 years old.
The remains of a female hobbit or homo floresiensis, were discovered in Liang Bua cave in 2003 - she is believed to be between 60 thousand and 100 thousand years old and would have stood at about a metre tall.
But the new fossil finds predate her by more than half a million years.
Brent Alloway of Auckland University is part of the team talks to Jesse Mulligan.
Topics: history, science, environment
Regions:
Tags: Hominid, fossil, Indonesia
Duration: 14'59"

13:30
2016 Pacific Music Awards
BODY:
The Reverend Mua Strickson-Pua is a performance poet, exhibited artist, story teller, comedian, free style rapper, MC, and a community arts curator. The awards debuted at Pasifika Festival in March 2005, and aim to acknowldge and celebrate Pacific artists. The Reverend Mua Strickson-Pua, is also chaplain of the Tagata Pasifika Resource Centre and a spokesperson for the Pacific Music Awards
Topics: music, arts, media
Regions:
Tags: Pasifika Festival, 2016 Pacific Music Awards, Tagata Pasifika Resource Centre
Duration: 11'16"

13:41
Favourite album
BODY:
Heart still beating - Roxy Music
Topics: music
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 18'20"

14:08
Theatre Critic: Dione Joseph
BODY:
Our critic today is Dione Joseph, who's reviewing the dance production, Mana Wahine.
Topics: arts
Regions:
Tags: dance, Mana Wahine
Duration: 4'45"

14:12
Avocado time machine
BODY:
A Queensland-based company has come up with a machine that keeps avocados from going brown once they are cut or mashed.
EXTENDED BODY:
No, it's not a joke. A Queensland-based company has come up with a machine that keeps avocados from going brown once they are cut or mashed.
Naturo director and agricultural engineer Jeff Hastings explains to Jesse Mulligan how it works.

Topics: food
Regions:
Tags: Avacados
Duration: 7'10"

14:20
Money with Mary Holm
BODY:
Financial columnist and author and educator, Mary Holm has some answers to some of the questions we've been sent from you about kiwisaver.
Topics: economy
Regions:
Tags: finance, investments, money
Duration: 27'44"

15:08
Masterpieces with Peter Fraser of Auckland Zoo
BODY:
Peter Fraser, the Programmes coordinator for the Auckland Zoo Conservation Trust, talks about his favourite animal.
EXTENDED BODY:
Topics: environment
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 11'56"

15:26
Expat: Vaughn Hill in Hong Kong
BODY:
Teacher, Vaughn Hill has lived in Hong Kong since 2006
Topics: life and society
Regions:
Tags: Hong Kong
Duration: 9'00"

15:45
The Panel pre-show for 9 June 2016
BODY:
Your feedback, and a preview of the guests and topics on The Panel.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 14'05"

21:35
Genome sequencing - a how-to-guide
BODY:
If you want to sequence a genome then a company like New Zealand Genomics Ltd has the equipment and expertise to produce and manage the large amounts of data.
EXTENDED BODY:
So you want to get a genome sequenced – but what exactly does that involve?
The physical process of next generation sequencing is relatively simple: small amounts of DNA, a million dollar machine, about $30,000 worth of chemicals and a few days.
But the trick lies in asking the right questions to begin with, and then in analyzing the terabytes of data that come out the other end.
What is a genome?
Every living thing has a genome and it’s a complete set of an organism’s DNA, including its genes. Its basic building blocks are just four letters or bases – A and T, and C and G - and humans each have more than 3 billion of them.
The specific order of them creates the full set of instructions needed to make every cell, tissue, and organ in your body.
What is genome sequencing?
Sequencing a genome is essentially working out the order of all those letters.
Since genomes come in different sizes depending on what/who they belong to, the job is variously a big one - or an enormous one.
Who sequences genomes?
Well-known companies such as ‘23 and Me’ specialise in sequencing human genomes for interested individuals, but for anything else that service is provided by a company like New Zealand Genomics Limited (NZGL)
NZGL is a collaboration between three universities – University of Auckland, Massey University and the University of Otago. It is supported by the New Zealand Government through the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.
How much does it cost to sequence a genome?
There is much talk of the $1000 genome. But while this is approximately the cost of generating the raw data, it doesn’t include the time of IT experts and bioinformaticians to analyse the data and identify critical pieces of the genome.
By comparison, the human genome project, which was completed in 2003, involved a large number of people, cost billions of dollars and took well over a decade to complete.
Sequencing New Zealand native species
Genome sequencing every living kakapo.
Mapping unusual genomes: platypus and tuatara.
North Island brown kiwi genome.
Truffle-like fungi - what their genes can tell us.
Topics: science
Regions:
Tags: DNA, genes, genome sequencing, genetics, bioinformatics, New Zealand Genomics Ltd
Duration: 26'28"

=SHOW NOTES=

1:10 First song
1:15 New hominid fossil find in Indonesia
An international team behind the discovery of the hobbit species in Indonesia have now found what they believe to be the ancestors of the diminuative hominin - after finding skull fragments dated at 7-hundred thousand years old.
The remains of a female hobbit or homo floresiensis, were disovered in Liang Bua cave in 2003 - she is believed to be between 60 thousand and 100 thousand years old and would have stood at at about a metre tall.
But the new fossil finds predate her by more than half a million years.
[gallery:2108]
Brent Alloway of Auckland University is part of the team.
1:30 2016 Pacific Music Awards
The Reverend Mua Strickson-Pua is a performance poet, exhibited artist, story teller, comedian, free style rapper, MC, and a community arts curator.
The awards debuted at Pasifika Festival in March 2005, and aim to acknowldge and celebrate Pacific artists.
The Reverend Mua Strickson-Pua, is also chaplain of the Tagata Pasifika Resource Centre and a spokesperson for the Pacific Music Awards
1:40 Favourite album
2:10 Theatre Critic
2:15 Avocado Time Machine
No, it's not a joke. A Queensland-based company has come up with a machine, that keeps avocados from going brown once they are cut or mashed.
[image:70923:full]
We speak with Naturo director and agricultural engineer, Jeff Hastings.
2:20 Money with Mary Holm
Financial columnist and author and educator, Mary Holm has some answers to some of the questions we've been sent from you about kiwisaver.
2:45 The Reading
3:10 Masterpieces with Peter Fraser of Auckland Zoo
Peter Fraser, the Programmes coordinator for the Auckland Zoo Conservation Trust, talks about his favourite animal.
3:25 Expat: Vaughn Hill in Hong Kong
Teacher, Vaughn Hill has lived in Hong Kong since 2006
[gallery:2109]
3:30 Science and environment stories
Stories from Our Changing World.
3:45 The Panel Pre-Show

===4:06 PM. | The Panel===
=DESCRIPTION=

An hour of discussion featuring a range of panellists from right along the opinion spectrum (RNZ)

=AUDIO=

15:45
The Panel pre-show for 9 June 2016
BODY:
Your feedback, and a preview of the guests and topics on The Panel.
Topics:
Regions:
Tags:
Duration: 14'05"

16:05
The Panel with Michelle Boag and Brian Edwards (Part 1)
BODY:
What the Panelists Michelle Boag and Brian Edwards have been up to. Economist Bernard Hickey talks about why the official cash rate's been left unchanged. Economsit Bernard Hickey talks about how the student debt burden has grown to nearly 15 billion dollars.
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Duration: 23'44"

16:06
The Panel with Michelle Boag and Brian Edwards (Part 2)
BODY:
The man who invented the world wide web is calling on governments to control it, saying it's become the world's largest surveillance system. What the Panelists Michelle Boag and Brian Edwards have been thinking about. Mangere Budgeting Services CEO Darryl Evans joins the panel to talk about pre-purchasing hotel rooms for emergency housing shows the government's housing policy is a failure. The police minister believes the focus on speed is distracting motorists.
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Duration: 26'38"

16:07
Panel Intro
BODY:
What the Panelists Michelle Boag and Brian Edwards have been up to.
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Duration: 6'31"

16:14
Bernard Hickey discusses why the OCR is being left on hold
BODY:
Economist Bernard Hickey talks about why the official cash rate's been left unchanged.
Topics: economy
Regions:
Tags: official cash rate
Duration: 9'57"

16:24
Bernard Hickey discusses the ballooning student debt issue
BODY:
Economist Bernard Hickey talks about how the student debt burden has grown to nearly 15 billion dollars.
Topics: economy, education
Regions:
Tags: student loans
Duration: 7'14"

16:33
Calls for the world wide web to be controlled by governments
BODY:
The man who invented hte world wide web is calling on governments to control it, saying it's become the world's largest surveillance system.
Topics: internet, politics
Regions:
Tags: student loans
Duration: 7'55"

16:41
Panel Says
BODY:
What the Panelists Michelle Boag and Brian Edwards have been thinking about.
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Duration: 3'56"

16:45
Mangere Budgeting Services says hotel rooms not enough
BODY:
Mangere Budgeting Services CEO Darryl Evans joins the panel to talk about pre-purchasing hotel rooms for emergency housing shows the government's housing policy is a failure.
Topics: housing, politics
Regions:
Tags: WINZ, Motels, hotels, Mangere Budgeting Services
Duration: 12'27"

16:57
Judith Collins says people pay too much attention to speedos
BODY:
The police minister believes the focus on speed is distracting motorists.
Topics: transport
Regions:
Tags: Road Saftey, speed
Duration: 2'08"

=SHOW NOTES=

===5:00 PM. | Checkpoint===
=DESCRIPTION=

RNZ's weekday drive-time news and current affairs programme

=AUDIO=

17:00
Checkpoint with John Campbell, Thursday 9th June 2016
BODY:
Watch Thursday's full show here.
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Duration: 00"

17:09
Westpac, ANZ stop lending to foreign buyers
BODY:
Westpac and ANZ have slapped major restrictions on lending to foreign buyers effective from today.
Topics: economy, business
Regions:
Tags: banks, loans
Duration: 1'19"

17:11
RBNZ targets tougher rules for property investors
BODY:
The Reserve Bank is targetting resident property investors and considering clamping down further on their access to credit to buy houses.
Topics: economy
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Tags: Reserve Bank
Duration: 4'02"

17:15
Possible cash boost for marae housing Auckland's homeless
BODY:
The Government is considering a cash injection for Te Puea Marae in South Auckland which has been taking in homeless people with nowhere else to go.
Topics: politics, housing, te ao Maori
Regions:
Tags: Te Puea marae, Te Puni Kokiri
Duration: 2'28"

17:18
WINZ emergency housing continues
BODY:
Some families already thousands in debt to WINZ for emergency motel housing remain in the same accommodation block, with their loans mounting.
Topics: housing
Regions:
Tags: WINZ, debt
Duration: 4'31"

17:22
Sky rejects claims about Vodafone merger
BODY:
As Sky and Vodafone prepare to merge, some are suggesting they will use their power to block some people from watching favourite TV programmes.
Topics: business, technology
Regions:
Tags: Sky, Vodafone, Merger
Duration: 3'15"

17:25
HCC accepts responsibility for death of zoo keeper
BODY:
The husband of a zookeeper killed by a tiger says the Hamilton City Council took too long to take responsibility for her death, harming their family.
Topics: law, life and society
Regions: Waikato
Tags: Hamilton zoo, Hamilton City Council
Duration: 2'50"

17:29
Pregnancy test kit investigated by Medsafe
BODY:
A widely used pregnancy test kit is being investigated by Medsafe because of reports tests showed women were not pregnant, when they actually were.
Topics: health, law
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Tags: Medsafe, EasyCheck, pregnancy
Duration: 2'31"

17:34
Evening Business for 9 June 2016
BODY:
News from the business sector including a market report.
Topics: business, economy
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Tags: markets
Duration: 3'30"

17:37
Pharmac to fund new treatments
BODY:
Pharmac today announced that it would fund a number of new treatments for the treatment of advanced melanoma, hepatitis C and nephrotic syndrome in children.
Topics: health
Regions:
Tags: Advanced melanoma, Hepatitis C, Nephrotic syndrome, Pharmac, drugs
Duration: 6'31"

17:44
Life without parole for Turner, Harrison?
BODY:
At the Court of Appeal, the Crown is arguing two murderers with extensive criminal histories should've been sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.
Topics: crime, law
Regions:
Tags: Three Strikes Law
Duration: 3'12"

17:47
PM arrives in Fiji for first NZ leader visit since 2006
BODY:
The Prime Minister John Key has just arrived in Fiji for the start of his official visit. It's the first visit by a New Zealand leader since the Fiji's military coup in 2006.
Topics: Pacific, politics
Regions:
Tags: Fiji
Duration: 1'40"

17:49
"Warzone" described at University of PNG
BODY:
The University of Papua New Guinea in Port Moresby has been likened to a warzone a day after unrest flared that saw police open fire on protesting students.
Topics: Pacific, politics, conflict
Regions:
Tags: Papua New Guinea, students, protests, police, Port Moresby
Duration: 3'09"

17:52
Bad news for stoats, rats and possums
BODY:
The dream of a predator-free mainland is a step closer with the development of new technologies that promises to wipe out rats, stoats and possums.
Topics: environment
Regions:
Tags: stoats, predators, traps
Duration: 6'35"

18:09
New statistics show plummeting home ownership among Maori
BODY:
New statistics reveal Maori home-ownership has plummeted in the past 25 years, with the rate in some parts of the North Island dropping by as much as 40 percent.
Topics: te ao Maori, housing
Regions:
Tags: Home Ownership, Maori
Duration: 3'32"

18:12
All Blacks name familiar line-up to play Wales
BODY:
The All Blacks have named an experienced and familiar looking line-up to play Wales in Auckland this weekend, as they look to continue one of sport's most impressive unbeaten streaks.
Topics: sport
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Tags: All Blacks, rugby
Duration: 4'05"

18:16
Paving nearly finished at Waterview Connection
BODY:
Paving on one of the country's largest road tunnels is nearing completion with work on Auckland's Waterview Connection on track to finish next year.
Topics: transport
Regions: Auckland Region
Tags: Waterview Connection, roads, building
Duration: 2'00"

18:19
Dame Sian Elias salutes Sir Graham Latimer
BODY:
The Chief Justice Dame Sian Elias has saluted the life and work of the late Maori leader Sir Graham Latimer at his tangi in Northland.
Topics: life and society
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Duration: 1'50"

18:21
Sam Neil on Hunt for the Wilderpeople
BODY:
Hunt for the Wilderpeople has passed 3 million dollars at the Australian box office, and it's picking up momentum.
Topics: arts
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Tags: Hunt For the Wilderpeople
Duration: 8'51"

18:50
Today In Parliament for 9 June 2016 - evening edition
BODY:
Questions for Finance Minister, Bill English, are answered by his Cabinet colleagues including Defence Minister, Gerry Brownlee, who bats away one question by saying it would be better addressed to the Minister of Defence. Economic Development Minister, Steven Joyce, also answering on his finance minister's behalf, denies that there is a housing crisis in Auckland, preferring to describe it as a "challenge". Christchurch Central MP, Nicky Wagner, answers questions about cuts in arts funding for Arts Culture and Heritage Minister, Maggie Barry, who is away in Christchurch attending an arts funding forum. Speaker alerts MPs of an outage in their secure email and dairy system on the mobile phones and tablets. -- ParliamentToday.co.nz
Topics: politics
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Duration: 5'09"

=SHOW NOTES=

===6:30 PM. | Worldwatch===
=DESCRIPTION=

The stories behind the international headlines

===6:55 PM. | In Parliament===
=DESCRIPTION=

===7:06 PM. | Nights===
=DESCRIPTION=

RNZ's weeknight programme of entertainment and information

=AUDIO=

19:15
A natural undertaking
BODY:
Funeral director Fiona King lifts the lid on the history of funerals in New Zealand and suggests we should be more DIY with taking care of our dead.
EXTENDED BODY:
Funeral director Fiona King lifts the lid on the New Zealand funeral industry – and says it's time we consider a more DIY approach to taking care of our dead.
Interview highlights
Fiona King: The person was [in Victorian times] described as the ‘undertaker’ because he undertook to do a certain service, and that was to bulid a coffin and possibly provide transport services to the cemetery.
New Zealand is very influenced by the Victorian funeral industry… What I find very strange is that we are still applying a 19th-century funeral practise to the 21st century. It’s just not quite working.
A lot of people don’t want to think about it, but a home funeral is absolutely fantastic. People are so much more present within their own home… There’s something about the community pulling together and supporting that family and it just feels a lot more real.
I’m going to put a challenge out to the nation – we have no funeral songs in English. The Māori are absolutely fantastic and have a fantastic repertoire of songs to sing.
When people ask me what I do and I explain that I’m a funeral director… the first thing they’ll start talking about is what music choices they’d have. Usually they’re something a little bit militant. Or they want to make people laugh or they want to make people feel uncomfortable.
I think there’s quite a lot of nervousness within a family when they are organising a funeral about trying to get this one event absolutely perfect. Quite honestly, you’re not going to. So I encourage families to think about having subsequent gatherings, it might be a memorial service, a tramp, a birthday party. Also there are things you can do potentially before the funeral service, as well.
An alternative that has come up in the last few years is natural burial. Wellington is really lucky in having New Zealand’s first certified natural burial site in Makara.
[In natural burial] the person can’t be embalmed, they’re dressed in natural fibres, they are placed in a solid wood natural coffin. They are buried at a shallower depth and the soil that is placed on top of them has had some extra nutrients placed in it. Then a tree is planted on top of you so you become part of a regenerating native bush.
To some extent you are in control of those costs. You can go into your funeral arrangement meeting and say ‘I don’t need all this extraneous stuff, our family can do it themselves’.
Spending money on someone’s funeral is not a measure of how much you love them.
Topics: life and society
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Tags: funerals
Duration: 21'20"

20:08
Nights' Culture - Contemporary Classical Music
BODY:
RNZ Concert Sound Lounge guest host Charlotte Wilson raises the baton on contemporary classical music as well as recent releases of old masters.
Topics: music
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Tags: classical music
Duration: 26'52"

=SHOW NOTES=

[image:70980:half]
7:12 A Natural Undertaking
Funeral Director Fiona King lifts the lid on the history of funerals in New Zealand. She also reckons we should consider a more DIY approach to taking care of our dead.

7:35 At the Movies
Simon Morris returns and reports on the very mixed messages handed out at the famous Cannes Film Festival. Part the Art of the Cinema, part the Art of the Deal, Cannes nevertheless offers an accurate snapshot of the current state of the industry.

8:12 Nights' Culture -Classical
Charlotte Wilson shares her picks from the world of contemporary classical music.Tonight, a preview of the NZSO's upcoming Scheherazade, conducted by Peruvian maestro Miguel Harth-Bedoya, the NZ Trio, and a fresh release from creative powerhouse Jonathan Crayford.

8:30 Window on the World
Kabul-based Tolo TV has made a name for itself reporting independent news and putting on hugely popular entertainment shows. But in the last few months the network has itself become the news story. After no fewer than four extremist threats, a Taliban suicide bombing in January this year killed seven staff and injured nearly twenty more. So what is life like for those who remain? Yalda Hakim tells the story of Tolo's precarious operation - condemned as lewd and immoral by religious extremists, and described as a legitimate military target

9:07 Our Changing World
Brown seaweeds and what they tell us about pollution; tiny single-celled algae and what they tell us about climate and extinctions; sea level rise; and a user's guide for genome sequencing.
10:17 Late Edition
A round up of today's RNZ News and feature interviews as well as Date Line Pacific from RNZ International
11:07 Music 101 pocket edition
Ladyhawke and the lightness of her new LA life. Eastern Bloc share the sound of disappointment, and SWIDT (SWID-IT) and their love for Onehunga
[image_crop:11166:full]

===7:30 PM. | At The Movies===
=DESCRIPTION=

A weekly topical magazine about current film releases and film related topics

=AUDIO=

19:30
At The Movies for 9 June 2016
BODY:
On At The Movies, Simon Morris returns and reports on the very mixed messages handed out at the famous Cannes Film Festival. Part the Art of the Cinema, part the Art of the Deal, Cannes nevertheless offers an accurate snapshot of the current state of the industry.
Topics: arts
Regions:
Tags: movies
Duration: 24'10"

=SHOW NOTES=

Featured this week – I Daniel Blake is the co-winner of this year’s Palme D’Or at Cannes.
[embed] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoV-KZKT_Wk
While this season’s blockbusters favour quantity over quality…
[embed] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jer8XjMrUB4
And an old classic The Third Man reminds us what mainstream movies used to do.
[embed] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r9yyDEDGlr0

===8:30 PM. | Windows On The World===
=DESCRIPTION=

International public radio features and documentaries

===9:06 PM. | Our Changing World===
=DESCRIPTION=

Highlights from the world of science and the environment, with Alison Ballance and Veronika Meduna

===10:00 PM. | Late Edition===
=DESCRIPTION=

RNZ news, including Dateline Pacific and the day's best interviews from RNZ National

===11:06 PM. | Music 101===
=DESCRIPTION=

Music, interviews, live performances, behind the scenes, industry issues, career profiles, new, back catalogue, undiscovered, greatest hits, tall tales - with a focus on New Zealand/Aotearoa (RNZ)

Favourite item:

Request information

Year 2016

Reference number 288243

Media type AUDIO

Collection Sound Collection

Ngā Taonga Korero Collection

Genre Untelescoped radio airchecks
Radio airchecks
Radio programs
Sound recordings

Credits RNZ National (estab. 2016), Broadcaster

Duration 24:00:00

Date 09 Jun 2016

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