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Te_Aurere_Hero_Image_Nga_wai_e_rua
Te Aurere, traditional double-hulled waka belonging to Hekenukumai (Hector) Busby, at sea. Kupe: Voyaging By The Stars. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision. Courtesy of Ian John. S292084

Ngā wai e rua: Stories of Us is a compilation of excerpts taken from the following films. Many of the films have taken on a new significance as they become a record of people, events and places that have changed beyond recognition.

The reference numbers for each item refer to our online catalogue where you can find more information about each title. The title links in the text will take you to catalogue items that are can be viewed online.

S262265 Royal Visit Of The Duke And Duchess Of Cornwall And York To New Zealand1901 12
Dressed in splendid feather cloaks the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall approach the camera escorted by Premier Seddon and Mrs Seddon on either side, Joseph Ward and James Carroll, Minister of Native Affairs. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of Jim Schuster/Te Arawa. S262265

Royal Visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York to New Zealand, Salvation Army , 1901
The Limelight Department of the Salvation Army (Australia) were commissioned by the New Zealand Government to record the Royal Tour of the colony, which was made to thank New Zealanders for their involvement in the Anglo-Boer War. The royal couple toured the whole country and were filmed in Rotorua and the main centres. Only fragments of the original 3,360 feet (approximately 50 minutes) of film survive. Ref: F2464

S292127 Mount Eden School 2
Mount Eden School. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of Lynne McDonald. S292127

Mt Eden School , filmmaker unknown, 1908
Children gather at Mt Eden School in Auckland. It is likely they are celebrating Dominion Day, which became a public holiday for the first time on 26 September 1907. Since 1953 the country has been officially known as the Realm of New Zealand and the 1907 proclamation of dominion status has still not been revoked. This film suffers from nitrate decomposition and despite being a full digital preservation, we will never recover the lost images. Ref: F53909

His Excellency’s Visit to Cook Islands and Samoa , SB Taylor, 1919
The Cook Islands were included within New Zealand’s colonial boundaries in 1901 and achieved self-governance in August 1965. These images are from the official record of the visit by the Governor-General Lord Liverpool and Dr Māui Pōmare, MP for Western Māori and Minister of the Cook Islands, in 1919. The record was filmed for the Department of Agriculture, who at the time were responsible for all government film production. Ref: F6552

S262389 Scenes At The East End Annual Picnic New Plymouth 5
Scenes At The East End Annual Picnic, New Plymouth. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of Phillip Saunders. S262389

Scenes at the East End Annual Picnic , New Plymouth, Brandon Haughton, 1912
Commissioned by Garnet H Saunders for the Empire Theatre, picnic scenes were screened to an enthusiastic audience within days. Cinema owners recognised the potential of local films to attract an audience eager to catch a glimpse of themselves on film. During the first screening over 800 people squeezed into the Empire, which had capacity of only 630. The Taranaki Herald reported “the only disappointed ones in the huge crowd were those who could not gain admittance.” Ref: F2655

Across the Mountain Passes of New Zealand , W Franklyn Barrett, 1910
In 1908 pioneer Australian filmmaker W Franklyn Barrett joined the Melbourne office of the French company Pathé Frères; at the time the world’s largest production company. He took films of scenic interest in Australia and Aotearoa for inclusion in the Pathé Newsreel, which was shown throughout Europe. The colour was created by the early colour process, Pathecolor, a costly and elaborate system involving many women workers cutting stencils for each colour and hand-painting each frame of film. This is New Zealand’s earliest known colour print. Ref: F10078

New Zealanders for the Front: Official Farewell , James McDonald, 1914 & 1915
Seeing ‘our boys’ off to war was an important social event and every parade, procession or troopship sailing had a swarm of photographers in attendance. Film cameramen also attended, and the films were quickly in local cinemas. This film is one of the few that survive. Here, in August 1915 the 6th Reinforcement of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force march down Lambton Quay, and the troopship HMNZT No.28 Tofua is loaded at King’s Wharf, later steaming out of the harbour beginning its long journey to Europe and World War One. Ref: F1820

Visit of the Hon WF Massey and Sir J Ward to the Western Front 30 June – 2 July 1918, Henry Sanders
A visit to New Zealand troops on the Western Front, where members of the Pioneer Māori Battalion Te Hokowhitu ā Tu perform a haka for the camera. The New Zealand government made a special arrangement with the Pathé Frères company to film our soldiers in World War One. Equipment at the time was large and unwieldly, and lacking modern mechanics it was impossibly dangerous to film close-up frontline action. The images that survive are mostly of parades, processions and the work of the soldiers and personnel behind the front line. Ref: F1068

He Pito Whakaatu i te Noho a te Māori i te Awa o Whanganui: Scenes of Māori Life on the Whanganui River, James McDonald, 1921
In the early 20th century it was widely believed that due to the impact of colonisation, World War One and the flu epidemic, Māori were a dying race. Between 1921 and 1924 four ethnographic expeditions were undertaken by the Dominion Museum to record traditional Māori life before it passed. In March and April 1921 several weeks were spent on the Whanganui River at Koriniti, Hiruharama and Pipiriki. Expeditions also went to Rotorua, Gisborne and the East Coast. Ref: F2816

Journey into Rua's Stronghold: He Murimuri Aroha ki ngā Mōrehu o Maungapōhatu, Edwin Coubray, 1928
In 1928 pioneer film makers Ted (Edwin) Coubray and Edward Brown made the two-day horse trek from Whakatāne to Ruatāhuna and then on to Maungapōhatu in the Urewera ranges to visit the community established by Rua Kēnana. The pair spent a few days as guests of Kēnana filming the community and its activities. Ref: F7138

S292000 Maori Hui At Tikitiki 2
The Governor General, Sir Charles Ferguson and his entourage are welcomed onto Te Rāhui Marae, Tikitiki for the consecration of St Mary’s Church (on February 16th, 1926). Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of Ngāti Porou. S292000

Māori Hui at Tikitiki , NZ Government Publicity Office, 1926
The consecration of St Mary’s Church in Tikitiki on 16 February 1926 was a grand occasion involving the Governor General Sir Charles Ferguson, the Prime Minister Gordon Coates and rangatira from many iwi, including cabinet minister Apirana Ngata. The church, which still stands, was the last major project of Hone Ngātoto, the last surviving traditionally-trained carver on the East Coast. The hui was held in late summer when the crops and food necessary for a feast of this size were plentiful and ready for harvest. Kapa haka was performed by Te Arawa, Ngāti Kahungungu and Ngāti Porou. Ref: F6678

Hapuka Fishing in New Zealand , NZ Government Publicity Office, 1925
By the 1920s a small settlement of Italian fishing families was established at Island Bay on Wellington’s south coast. They are an example of chain migration, as most of the families and individuals were from two fishing villages in southern Italy. Here they land the day’s catch of hāpuka and crayfish. Nearly one hundred years later descendants still live in the Wellington area and a section of the south coast has been declared the Taputeranga Marine Reserve. Ref: F6423

The Invincible All Blacks Record Tour , film maker unknown, 1924-25
Highlights from the final test played at Twickenham, showing legendary George Nepia in fine form. Before satellite technology could beam games live into our living rooms, audiences at home had to wait for the highlights to be packaged and express delivered to our side of the globe. From the beginning, the 1924-25 tour to the UK was a highlight for New Zealand crowds, with 28 games played and won. For the record: New Zealand 658 points for, 98 against. Ref: F7026

S2024 New Zealand News And Views Construction Of The T And G Building 5
Construction Of The T & G Building (1928). Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of the Murtagh/Osborne Collection. S2024

New Zealand News and Views no. 10, 11, 12 , NZ Government Publicity Office, 1928
The Construction of the T&G Building’ is one of several items on this edition of the News and Views newsreel. Created before strict health and safety standards were common, the film of the T&G Building on Lambton Quay, Wellington, reflects the Hollywood classic Safety Last , which was made in the same year. Other items covered athletics, prize show cattle, motorcycle racing and Jumuna the baby elephant at Auckland Zoo. As a national newsreel, items came from Whanganui, the West Coast and Auckland, as well as Wellington. Ref: F4433

Valley of Enchantments: Rotorua's Geyser Land, NZ Government Publicity Office, 1930
Māori have lived at Whakarewarewa for centuries. This recording shows children diving for pennies from the bridge over the Puarenga River at Whakarewarewa. More recently Tūhorangi Ngāti Wāhiao have shared their daily lives in the model village, giving many Pākehā visitors a glimpse into te ao Māori. Ref: F1025

Nature's Fireless Cooker, Fox Movietone News, 1930
Filmed to show the geothermal region, this recording is precious today as one of the earliest to have recorded te reo Māori being spoken. Between 1929 and 1970 Australian company Fox Movietone made 2,300 newsreels for the Australian domestic market, and cameramen travelled far and wide to find interesting news items for inclusion. Ref: F4223

Through Westland's Coalfield, W D Frazer, 1930
Miners arrive at Rūnanga Mine high in the hills above Greymouth. Jim Newburn (1900-1985) was from a West Coast mining whānau and for several years he was the projectionist at the picture theatre in Kaitangata. He collected local movies to show in the theatre, and that is possibly how he came to have these images taken at the Runanga Mine by WD Frazer. Ref: F11644

A Visit North to View the Centennial Celebrations at Waitangi, Violet Winstone, 1940
A keen amateur filmmaker, Violet Winstone made film records of her family activities and travels from the mid-1930s through to the 1970s. She was one of few women filmmakers at the time and was one of even fewer New Zealanders to have a 16mm colour camera. The centenary of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi was celebrated at the Treaty Grounds. As well as signing re-enactments and waka launches, the whare runganga was opened and the 28th Māori Battalion marched out at the grounds, beginning their long journey to Europe and World War Two. Ref: F87505

Newsreel selection
By the 1940s going to the pictures was our biggest regular entertainment. Along with God Save the King, The Weekly Review screened in cinemas before the main feature. As a Government newsreel, the mix of items showed a homogeneous, happy population at work and play. Included here are some of our favourite items. They aren’t from the same newsreel, but they are typical content. The Weekly Review ran from October 1942 until the series ended with the 459th issue in August 1950. 

New Zealand Diary no.6, National Film Unit, 1946
Two newsreel items: ‘Display by Wellington East Girls’ College’, highlighting the benefits of exercise for young women, and ‘Ngāruawāhia Regatta’, showing waka fun on the Waikato River. Ref: F21959

Weekly Review 138, Women Truck Drivers, National Film Unit, 1944
Women made a huge contribution to the war effort in New Zealand. Items about the war effort at home kept New Zealanders engaged with fundraising and ongoing activities, while items from Europe gave them glimpses of our soldiers and personnel. While we find it uncomfortable, the narration on this item is typical of its time. Ref: F673

Weekly Review 169, NZ Soldiers and Polish Children, National Film Unit, 1944
Polish refugees are welcomed to the lower North Island. The Second World War created huge displacement of people in Europe. New Zealand opened its borders and became a destination for many, including 725 children and 113 adult Polish refugees who were welcomed in 1944. Ref: F685

David’s Homecoming, David O’Brien, 1945
This home movie record of the troopship HMS Chitral arriving in Wellington after World War Two echoes the official films made by the National Film Unit. When the war ended in 1945 there were over 58,000 New Zealanders serving overseas, most with the 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force in Italy and the Middle East. Ref: F61352

Weekly Review 232: Māori Battalion Returns, National Film Unit, 1946
The National Film Unit covered the return home of the 28th Māori Battalion on 23 January 1946. After the pōwhiri at Pipitea Wharf the men embarked on trains that would carry them home. The film unit followed the northern train, which was bound for Kaikohe, as far as Ngāruawāhia and Weekly Review 232 concludes at Tūrangawaewae Marae. As in World War One, the Māori contingent was welcomed back as a single unit so Māori could receive the whānau as a whole. Ref: F726

S292039 Love And Sacrifice A Day In The Service Of Christs Little Ones 3
Love And Sacrifice - A Day In The Service Of Christ’s Little Ones. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of the Sisters of Compassion. S292038

Love and Sacrifice – a Day in the Service of Christ’s Little Ones, AH Reynolds, 1955
Sisters of Compassion at St Vincent’s Home, Auckland, care for young children. Aucklander Alfred Harry Reynolds was a prolific filmmaker; a keen home movie maker, he also operated as a professional. His company AH Reynolds Film Productions kept afloat with commissions from local businesses and groups for short, promotional films. Ref: F48449

Pictorial Parade 79: Hutt Valley Youth Club , National Film Unit, 1958
The rise of the teenager and rock'n'roll in 1950s New Zealand. The National Film Unit started the Pictorial Parade in 1952, a new 10-minute newsreel screened in cinemas every month. Like the Weekly Review before it, the Pictorial Parade was made up of topical items promoting a range of New Zealand topics – from teenagers to artists, sports events and unusual houses. Ref: F3278

Caravan Holiday , Dr GBA Cowie, 1952
The Cowie whānau annual caravan holiday is reminiscent of many and we are lucky Dr Cowie also recorded family activities with his 16mm camera. The archive holds a large number of whānau movies, and our collections are rich with images of family events. While they were never intended to be an important historical record, they offer researchers windows into the way we were and home life at different times. Ref: F11300

Open day and opening of the Auckland Harbour Bridge , AH Reynolds, 1959
To celebrate opening day, foot traffic was allowed on the bridge for what was believed would be the first and only time. Built over the narrowest stretch of water from St Mary’s Bay to Northcote, and out of the way of the Auckland wharf area, the harbour bridge used 6,500 tonnes of concrete and 6,000 tonnes of steel, and took 200 workers four years to complete. Even before it opened, the four-lane bridge could not meet traffic demands, and in 1969 a further four lanes (2 in each direction) were added. They were nicknamed the ‘Nippon Clip-ons’ after the Japanese film that constructed them. Tolls were charged on the bridge until 1984. Ref: F27453

S292040 Personal Record Andrews Philip K Waiting For The Royal Train Wellington Royal Decorations 1
Waiting For The Royal Train. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of Shirley Roderick. S292040

Waiting for Royal Train, Wellington Floral Decorations, Philip K. Andrews, 1953
The Royal Tour of HRH Queen Elizabeth II in 1953-54 was a massive civic occasion. Decorations and bunting graced every street, and people, all dressed in their best, staked out the best spots to catch a glimpse of Her Majesty as she travelled past. Everyone with a movie camera seems to have filmed the festivities; the archive holds a large collection of home and professional films, covering the visit to 46 towns and cities that began in Auckland and ended in Bluff. Ref: F40020

Ahipara Women's Fire Brigade , NZBC, 1965
Firefighters from the Ahiphara Women’s Volunteer Brigade show their firefighting skills in this demonstration, which was recorded for the 'Town and Around' news segment on NZBC. Working with the community we’ve learned more about these women and their important work. Ref: F101214

The Golden Shears. International Shearing Competition, Ian Houston, 1961
Images from the very first Golden Shears competition held in 1961 at the War Memorial Stadium in Masterton. The show surpassed expectations and the crowd was so big that the local Army was called in to help with crowd control. The annual contest is still fiercely competed for today. Ref: F11397

To Live in the City, National Film Unit, 1967
Māori urban migration increased after World War Two as many people left their home towns in search of work, education and new opportunities. Rural growth had slowed and there were few employment prospects, while growing demand for labour in towns and cities was a draw card. Post World War Two only 26% of the Māori population lived in towns and cities and by 1956 this had increased to 35%. By 1986 nearly 80% of Māori lived in urban areas. Ref: TZP19874

The Cook Islands Look Ahead, National Film Unit, 1965
In 1965 the Cook Islands were preparing for self-government. This film promotes opportunities for Cook Islanders to train in Aotearoa as well as ongoing cooperation between our two countries. Ref: F55063

Gregg’s Coffee, Different Faces , Pacific Films, 1970
New Zealand’s first non-animated television commercial featuring a diverse community. Imbued with good feelings the jingle reinforces the message “different faces, many races living in the sun, good times to remember, we may all live as one.” Directed by Tony Williams for Pacific Films. Ref: C1986

Decimal Currency , Morrow Productions, 1966
In 1964 the Government scheduled DC Day (Decimal Currency Changeover) for 10 July 1967. The Zeal and The Kiwi were suggested as names for the new currency, but the word dollar was selected and Mr $ became the symbol for the transition. Commercials preparing New Zealanders for the change screened prior to DC Day. Ref: C1098

Farmers Santa Parade, AH Reynolds, 1979
Highlights from the Farmers Santa Parade up Queen Street, Auckland. Since 1934 the Auckland Farmers Santa Parade has celebrated the Festive Season. In 1979 professional filmmaker Harry Reynolds was out with his Super8 home movie camera catching the sights and sounds. Ref: F80335

S291962 Te Matakite O Aotearoa The Maori Land March 2
Te Matakite O Aotearoa / The Maori Land March. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision. Courtesy of Geoff Steven. S291962

Te Matakite o Aotearoa, Geoff Steven, 1975
The land march from Te Hapua to Wellington, led by Whina Cooper, saw foot traffic on the Auckland Harbour Bridge for the second time. Geoff Steven’s observational political documentary followed the 1975 land march from Te Hāpua Marae in the far north to Parliament in Wellington where the Memorial of Rights petition was presented to the Prime Minister, Bill Rowling. Ref: F1502

Takaparawhā, Bastion Point
The occupation at Bastion Point was one of the most important events in modern-day Māori protest. Beginning in 1977, when the Muldoon government proposed subdividing the land for residential development, the peaceful occupation ended on the 507th day when Ngāti Whātua ki Ōrākei and their supporters were forcibly removed from their ancestral lands.

News Year 1978, TVNZ, 1978
Huge numbers of police and armed services personnel arrive at Takaparawhā, Bastion Point. Ref: TZP225018

Archive News, Bastion Point, TVNZ, 1978
Images of the mass arrest of peaceful protestors. Ref: TZP26307

S254878 Patu Theatrical Release 5
PATU! Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision. Courtesy of The Estate of Merata Mita. S254878

PATU! Awatea Films, 1983
Described as a major documentary of our time, PATU! details the controversial 1981 Springbok rugby tour to New Zealand, which split the country almost to the point of civil war. In 2012 PATU! was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World, New Zealand Register. Ref: F3794

Telethon Highlights, TVNZ, 1981
For many New Zealand children the annual Telethon appeal was an opportunity to participate in crazy fundraising activities, and a chance to stay up all night to watch television. Continual television transmission began in the early 1990s. The much-loved Goodnight Kiwi, which was screened to signal the end of the night’s transmission, was out of a job on TV2 from 24 October 1994. Ref: TZP411862

Billy T James, TVNZ, 1986
William James Te Wehi Taitoko MBE (1948-1991) is better known by his stage name: Billy T James. A well-known entertainer, comedian, musician and actor, he was a key figure in the development of comedy here. The Billy T James Show ran for seven series and regularly lampooned contemporary issues, such as New Zealand’s anti-nuclear status. Established in 1997, the Billy T Award recognises an up-and-coming New Zealand comedian each year. Ref: TZP75331

S292125 Close Up Antinuclear 2
Close Up – Antinuclear. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision. Courtesy of TVNZ. S292125

6.30pm News – Rainbow Warrior, TVNZ, 1987
The bombing of the Greenpeace ship the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland Harbour in July 1985 shocked the nation and caused outrage when France, a friendly nation, was found to be responsible for the action. Two years after the bombing the Rainbow Warrior was scuttled at Matauri Bay in Northland, where it has become a popular dive site and ongoing reminder of our aspirations to be a nuclear free Pacific. Ref: TZP91962

6.30pm News – Māori Language Kindergarten, TVNZ, 1982
The first Kōhanga Reo, Pukeatua in Wainuiomata, opened in April 1982. A kaupapa-Māori initiative to revitalise te reo, the movement flourished, and by the end of that year over 100 Kōhanga, Māori language kindergartens, had opened. Today there are more than 460 Kōhanga Reo around the country catering to more than 9,000 mokopuna. Since 1982 Te Kura Kaupapa and Wānanga have been provided for ongoing education ki roto i te reo Māori. Ref: TZP40774

Kupe: Voyaging by the Stars , Peter Turei, 1993
Hekenukumai Pūhipi (Sir Hector Busby) used modern technology to create Te Aurere, a traditional double-hulled ocean-going waka hourua. The master craftsman revived craft and navigational skills practised by tūpuna, ensuring knowledge is retained for future generations. Ref: F5371

1990 Commission. The Treaty , Flying Fish, 1990
Directed by Lee Tamahori, this television commercial promotes 150 years of dual heritage and Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu reminds us of the possibilities of Te Tiriti – the Treaty of Waitangi. Ref: C2530

Waitangi Day 1990 – Tatou, Tatou, One People, TVNZ, 1990
The 150th anniversary of the signing of Te Tiriti was a gala occasion at Waitangi with the Aotearoa Māori Arts Festival and 20 newly built waka launched. In a strong and compassionate speech Bishop Whakahuihui Vercoe sways the crowd, turning protesters into supporters of his korero. Ref: TZP96820

Marae, Shakti Women’s Hui, TVNZ, 1997
A look at the relationship between Māori and new immigrants. TVNZ’s series Marae has broadcast news and stories of particular interest to Māori since the 1990s. It replaced Koha, the first series devoted to te ao Māori, which began regular broadcast in 1980. Ref: TZP182629

Tagata Pasifika: New Zealand Born Pacific Islanders, TVNZ, 2002
New Zealand-born Pacific Islanders describe their ethnicity. The series Tagata Pasifika has broadcast news and stories of particular interest to the Pasifika community since the 1980s. Ref: TZP265300

S292086 One News Hikoi 1
One News - Hikoi. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision. Courtesy of TVNZ. S292086

One News – Hikoi, TVNZ, 2004
News footage of the 2004 Seabed and Foreshore hikoi crossing the Auckland Harbour Bridge. This was the third time the bridge was opened for foot traffic. Ref: TZP287834

S292085 When A City Falls 1
Members of the Student Volunteer Army helping to shovel away liquefaction in Halswell, Christchurch. When A City Falls. Stills Collection, Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision. Courtesy of Frank Film. S292085

When a City Falls, Frank Film, 2011

Although the 2010 Canterbury earthquakes caused much devastation and tested the resilience of many people, they also drew many New Zealanders together in acts of kindness. Gerard Smyth’s film “travels way beyond earthquake reactive television footage to a tale of hope, an uplifting story that speaks of the kindness of human hearts.” Ref: F217010

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